Montgomery applied the “Page 99 Test” to The Rocks Don't Lie and reported the following:
Baron Georges-Louis Leclerc [the focus of page 99, below left], Comte de Buffon and director of the king's botanical gardens in Paris was a curious man. He proved a bit too curious for his own good when in 1749 he published heretical answers to questions about the origin of the world and its topography in the first volume of his landmark Histoire Naturelle.Learn more about The Rocks Don't Lie at the W.W. Norton website.
The theological faculty of the Sorbonne sent Buffon a letter calling out his reprehensible ideas that the world cooled from a molten fireball, erosion sculpted topography, and Noah's Flood never occurred. Facing a choice similar to that which Galileo faced a century before, Buffon renounced everything in his book “respecting the formation of the earth, and in general all which may be contrary to the narrative of Moses.”
This did not stop him from investigating earth history. He began experimenting with how long it took to cool spheres of molten metal and determined it would take at least 75,000 years to cool the planet to the point where oceans could form. This was more than ten times
longer than Bishop Ussher's widely accepted, biblically-based 6,000-year estimate for the age of the world. And yet, when Buffon included this estimate in his 1775 Introduction to the History of Minerals he avoided theological censure.
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By then the clergy were beginning to argue among themselves as to the theological implications of geological discoveries that revealed Earth had a far longer and more complex history than told in the biblical stories of the Creation and Noah's Flood. At the dawn of the 19th century, theologians were accommodating geological discoveries by reinterpreting the six days of Creation as six geological ages, or by suggesting that geologic time could be stuffed into a gap of indeterminable length between the first two verses of Genesis.
As I looked into the long history of interaction between faith and reason in interpreting stories of great floods I discovered that this back and forth between science and theology was not at all unusual. The story of Noah's Flood served as what might be considered the first geological theory and the theological response to geological discoveries set the stage for the rise of modern creationism. When you look into it, the real story of the historical relationship between science and religion is far richer than the long-running conflict portrayed in today's culture wars.